Media, the Creator of new form of ART.

May 20, 2012

We don’t need to prepare screen, canvas, or TV to reflect and paint the images. As we see in this video clip, the reflector for art works can be everything such as the ceiling, wall,  a gypsum model and even bed. As media are presenting everything, the media art is not only limited within the standardized art format, but it is also presented through almost everything. It seems to be pretty much same as what Mitchell say ‘an incredibly dynamic, pliable set of techniques for manipulating the material environment’ in his bolg TRANSDUCTION, TRANSMATERIALITY, AND EXPANDED COMPUTING. In this video clip, the reflectors are not made for the art, but the they now become the subjects for art works. This is obvious that media has opened a new generation of art and it will create more variety of art fields.


Media and Science

May 10, 2012

A few days ago, one of very famous Korean surgeons, Dr. Kim,  invited 5 other surgeons, who are living in the countries, to the on-line video web chatting to show them a new cancer surgery instruction. On the monitor, he was actually in the middle of the surgery and sometimes he looked at the camera and explained how he does the incision and the removal of a tumour. For the 4 hours of surgery, the invited doctors were taking a note and asking some questions to Dr. Kim as what they used to do when they were medical students. In the interview with the medical magazine, Dr. Kim says the reason that he teaches new skill for the surgery to other doctors is to provide better service and convenient to the patients. What does it mean by that is, because the patients expects the medical service and skill in the city is much better than in countryside. Because most of patients would like to go to the hospital in the cities and these patients’ expectations have caused the bad service caused by lack of staff and the hospital in the countrysides has got economic difficulties. In order to solve this inequality and these problems, Dr. Kim had determined to teach his knowledge and skill to other doctors in the countries.  In this point, the knowledge through the web is not the commodity that someone has to pay for it, but this is pure medical science that pays back to people who have contribute for the development of it. The media will be the most important part of development of science if the scientists consider it as the knowledge has to be transacted.


Internet of Things



Social Media and politics

April 18, 2012

In South Korea,  the use of Social Media has become the most important part of political strategy. A couple of weeks ago, the election of member for National Assembly was ended. During the election campaign, the individual blogs, Twitter and all portal website were fully mobilized for the election. The supporters for the particular political party started to appeal to the public through Twitter and their personal blogs and they also tried to knock the oppositions off their pedestal with the comment on Social Media. On the other hands, the newspapers and broadcasting didn’t seem to act like the main stream media in that period, but they were led by social media as well. For instance, lots of news about the election campaign on TV and the newspapers were already well-know by public through blogs and Twitter, the priority function of newspaper and TV which are exclusivity and promptness have been lost by social media. Moreover, newspapers and TV have sometimes delivered wrong news to the public because they just copied from the blogs or social network service without verifying it. However, they couldn’t stop delivering news from social media because the news agencies and TV stations were not able to report a huge amount of information during the election campaign period. Thanks to these circumstances, online activists have got a power on political act rather than before and they have played a key role in transforming the condition of political possibilities in Korea as Egyptians who have pioneered forms of political critique and interaction that can mediate and encompass the heterogeneity of religious and social commitments that constitute Egypt’s contemporary political terrain.






Our life even depends on data

March 30, 2012

This week’s readings have resonated me that we are living based on the data, on other hand, I got scared because data is changing how we live. Data is our past, present and future. Data as the past is the record of the human history. But data as the present is much more significant rather than data as the past because it is crucially related with our life changes. Based on the record, people are able to understand our past properly, and they are using it for their own benefit in the variety areas such as business, relationship, education, society and even war. Therefore, we are now able to predict the future and prepare for it.

썸네일썸네일세시풍속 이미지

Believe or not, data tell our destiny. We have a fortune telling book called ‘To Jung Bi Gyul.’ This book was written by a scholar called ‘To jung’ in Chosun empire (The Korean ancient empire). Many korean read one’s fortune for the new year with this fortune book since 16th century. The mystery “Tojungbigyul” is based on statistics. According to this book, the person’s own luck and destiny in the future  is decided by the date of birth. The principle of predicting one person’s future is compositing the sexagenary cycle, date, month and year of his/her birthday. The reason why this book is trustworthy between people in Korea is that the book is compilation of human history data. What does it mean by that is the guy ‘To-jung’ collected people’s date of birth and record the important events in their lives such as disease, the money luck and the death. In the end, people’s date of birth and the important events became a sample destiny of people who are born in later. For example, I was born in around 6 pm, 4th of October in 1983. There might be someone living similar life as mine if he or she was born in around 6 pm, 4th of October in 1923 in somewhere else.

Like this, data was already used to predict the future for a long time ago. I thought that data has started controlling and changing our life quite recently as the media technology has been significantly developed but our ancients were already aware of the power of data.



How do we know this is real?

March 23, 2012

A couple of years ago, more than 13 soldiers got killed by their fellow soldier. There was not the clear explanations that why he killed his comrades, but the media suspected that the online computer game caused this casualties because he used to be very addicted to online computer game. The online computer game what he used to play is a 3D multiplayers  FPS (First-Person Shooting game) such as Count Striker, Black shot, Special force and Sudden Attack. Actually, he said that he had been always curious about killing people with machine gun for real. We can assume it from his statement that the online game is a trigger of this tragedy.

Why was this happened? This is true that Virtual reality has hugely contributed to develop our manufacture industries such as car design, house design, physical experiment by virtual images and etc. Also, there are still lots of possibilities that might be developed by VR in many part of our ordinary lives. However, as we see from the above example and the video clip of ‘IDEO Labs – Amazing 3D Immersion Technology’ on Youtube ( people are now easily getting confused between the real and virtual because the recent media technology is too good to present virtual images look like real.  They know that they are in a real world, but acting like a character in the game which never feels pain and resurrects. They know that they are in the virtual world but they can’t balance themselves on the flat floor because of 3D virtual images confusing him as he is in the real world. It is now putting people in a Chaos.

Although this phenomenon, people who are ignorant about the risk of VR, they are still fascinated with new 3D technology. Those above images are ‘a game chair’. Those chairs are made for 3D FPS and racing game. The recommended retail price is about $AU 50,000 but some of 3D game fans are looking forward to buying it because they want more accurate reality from it. But we have to consider it all the time what is real and what is virtual. We should not bring a virtual world into our ordinary life. Otherwise, the virtual life will kill our real life and it will dominate us.

Is the ‘extended mind’ technology our sixth sense?

March 18, 2012


Can this video clip be also a part of extended mind idea?


According to the hypothesis of extended mind by Clark and Chalmers, he says that cognitive processes ain’t (all) in the head. The cognition consists of brain, body, and environment and it isn’t merely within the brain. The cognitive elements contain not only the inner resources such as neurons and neurotransmitters but also calculator, computer, artifacts such as book, fingers for calculating, and other environmental things supporting our cognitive activities. Therefore, media technology can be also a part of the idea of extended mind. It sounds like that supports Marshal McLuhan’s ‘technology as extensions of human’. This idea of Clark and Chalmers has already been well-embedded in our ordinary lives. For instance, how many people remember their friends’ mobile number in their brains? Because the mobile phones are now replacing the function of the brain such as Otto’s notebook in Chalmers’ extended belief experiment, we don’t even need to get bothered. Moreover, this idea will be a big help for disabled people who lost one of human senses because as our minds extended, our body is also able to be extended by using technologies. One of the most representative technology based on this idea is ‘The e-sense project’. The cameras and vibration sensors are becoming human’s eyes and another format of neurons, and these are perfectly embedded in the blinds as they are training with them. However, we cannot be optimistic with this idea because too many brain functions have been already replaced by the developed media technologies. For instance, the internet knows almost everything of the world (history, knowledge, human manners and even the prediction of the world), so people do not need to struggling with remembering facts and calculating numbers anymore. It means that the idea of extended mind can be our sixth sense but it can also destroy our 5 senses.




What does ‘media ecology’ make the issues in our society?

March 10, 2012

There are some opinions about ‘media ecology’ on the website of ‘Media Ecology Association’, and I totally agree with that ‘Media ecology looks into the matter of how media of communication affect human perception, understanding, feeling, and value; and how our interaction with media facilitates or impedes our chances of survival.’ by Neil Postman and his point of view of ‘Media ecology’ has changed lots of things in our society. Particularly, the development of media facilitates have contributed a huge change to the society In the past, media technology such as printing, telegraph, TV and etc. was used to be the possession of the privileged class. However, it is not only for a few people in our society, but it is also all of us thanks to development of media technology. As the internet and the smartphone are becoming common media devices between the public, they have given us the opportunities to access to knowledge and information which were also used to be  owned by the group of elites in the past, and the relationship between  the public and governments have been changed by a contemporary media ecosystem that allows most people to participate to feed and consume news and information. There are overwhelming amount of methods on the internet to share information such as blogs and Social Network Service (SNS), but whistle blower and public conversation organisations such as WikiLeaks, GetUp! and Cricky mostly have changed public’s point of view on media ecology.

WikiLeaks Blog

Crikey Daily Mail

     Thanks to those organisations, SNS and blogs, a media ecosystem is re-born with no more boundary of journalism between real journalists, non-journalists, politicians, bloggers, celebrities and general public as Milissa says. It meas that a news feeder and consumer can be a same person or organisation, and information will be all shared by them. This is how media ecology work in contemporary society.

From neutral media technologies to technology determinism.

March 3, 2012

In the 17th century, John Locke asserted ‘tabula rasa’. It means that humans are born as a blank slate of white paper, and human nature is nurtured by the environments around it such as relationships with others and living conditions. Therefore, good and evil are not inherent characteristics of human beings, but are dependent on what environments people are living in.

When I finished this week’s reading, I thought that media technology is not that different to human nature because it sounds exactly like technologies are in themselves neutral but it’s up to how they are used that matters. According to Langdon Winner, ‘What matters is not technology itself, but the social or economic system in which it is embedded’. For instance, when the alphabet was invented, it was no more than one of the myriad communication methods such as dancing, singing and speaking. However, people have found that the alphabet had no limitations of space and time. So that’s why the typing process has been one of the most popular and enduring methods for recording history and knowledge, but it has also been abused by some societies and people for their own benefits or agendas (such as spreading propaganda) that typing as a form of recording process has lost some of its trustworthiness.

In the past, man was able to control most of the media technologies because the number of media technologies were not that many and the speed of its proliferation was not significant. However, it is a different story now. Media technologies were usually used by our cultures and societies in the past, but it’s now vice-versa; they are now shaping our cultures and societies by altering our perception of the world because media technologies are now varied as well as ubiquitous as they have been significantly developed to the convenience of humans. This is how technological determinism has been asserted by McLuhan. To support his assertion of technological determinism, he has paid attention to digital networking and his theories seem to have actualized in the contemporary media landscape.



M. Andrew and P. John 2002, ‘Theoretical Frameworks’, Culture and technology, London, Palgrave, pp. 11-38.